Useful Information

Ostomates Nutrition Guide

Eating is one of life’s great pleasures. Having a stoma should not change your enjoyment of food. Most people with a stoma return to their normal diet soon after an operation. However food tolerances vary from person to person. The most important dietary concerns for the ostomist are preventing blockage and avoiding foods that produce unpleasant odours, gas or excess stool. Listed below are some general guidelines of the effects of foods after ostomy surgery. It doesn’t mean you cannot have the foods but be aware that they can affect your stoma.

Stoma Obstructive:

  • Apple Peels
  • Raw cabbage
  • Celery
  • Chinese vegetables
  • Corn
  • whole kernels
  • Coconuts
  • Dried fruit
  • Mushrooms
  • Oranges
  • Nuts
  • Pineapple
  • Popcorn

Odour Producing:

  • Asparagus
  • Baked beans
  • Broccoli
  • Cabbage
  • Cod Liver Oil
  • Eggs
  • Fish
  • Garlic
  • Onions
  • Peanut butter
  • Certain vitamins
  • Strong cheese

Increased/Loose Stool

  • Alcoholic beverages
  • Whole grains
  • Bran cereals
  • Cooked cabbage
  • Fresh fruits
  • Green leaves
  • Milk
  • Prunes
  • Raisins
  • Raw vegetables
  • Spices
  • Apples
  • Prune juice

Gas Producing

  • Alcoholic beverages
  • Carbonated drink
  • Beans
  • Soy
  • Cabbage
  • Cauliflower
  • Cucumbers
  • Dairy products
  • Chewing gum
  • Milk
  • Nuts
  • Onions

Constipation Relief :

  • Coffee
  • Warm/hot Cooked fruits
  • Cooked vegetables
  • Fresh fruits
  • Fruit juices
  • Water
  • Mild laxative

Odour Control

  • Buttermilk
  • Cranberry juice
  • Orange juice
  • Parsley
  • Tomato juice
  • Yoghurt
  • Peppermint oil

Loose stool control

  • Apple sauce
  • Unripe bananas
  • Boiled rice
  • Peanut butter
  • Tapioca Toast
  • White bread
  • Potatoes
  • Pasta
  • Crackers
  • Boiled rice
  • Weak tea
  • Marshmallows
  • Jelly babies

Reducing Flatus

  • Fennel tea
  • Cranberry juice
  • Buttermilk
  • Peppermint oil

Colour Changes

  • Asparagus
  • Beets
  • Food colours
  • Iron pills
  • Liquorice
  • Strawberries
  • Tomato sauces

Ostomates Nutrition Guide

These are some general guidelines for eating which will help you care for your stoma more easily:

  • Eat meals regularly. A stoma works best if you have three or more regular meals a day
  • Chew your food well. If you have an ileostomy this helps prevent any food blockage
  • Try new foods one at a time. If a new food seems to cause a problem eliminate it for a couple of weeks and then try again
  • Drink a lot of fluid daily as you may lose more fluids than normal through your stoma An extra note for Ileostomists It is very easy to lose large amounts of water, minerals and vitamins through an ileostomy when diarrhoea occurs which can quickly leads to dehydration. When this occurs you need to replace these fluids so that you do not become ill. You can drink Dioralyte to help with this or make up the following recipe:

Foods High in Potassium:

  • Milk
  • Beef
  • Fish
  • Pork
  • Turkey
  • Duck
  • Lamb
  • Veal
  • Lima beans
  • Brussel sprouts
  • Peppers
  • Tomatoes
  • V8 Juice
  • Broccoli
  • Potatoes
  • Spinach
  • Green beans
  • Tomato juice
  • Avocado
  • Apricots
  • Bananas
  • Cherries
  • Figs
  • Grapefruit juice
  • Nectarines
  • Plums
  • Strawberries
  • Pineapple
  • Dates
  • Rhubarb

Foods High in Sodium

  • Salt added to food
  • Canned and dried soups
  • Canned meat
  • Fish
  • Stews and gravies
  • Canned convenience food
  • Pickles and relishes
  • Salted popcorn
  • Pretzels
  • Vegetables prepared in brine
  • Cold cuts of meat
  • Ham and bacon
  • Hot dogs
  • Peanut butter
  • Salad dressings
  • Sausages
  • Tomato juice and sauce

Click here to download this article:


More information

Need some help? Browse our page, have a read and then download or bookmark our information for help on the go.

Tips to help with Parastomal Hernia

When a stoma is brought out to the surface of the abdomen it must pass through the muscles of the abdominal wall, thus a potential site of weakness is immediately...

Read more

Ostomates Nutrition Guide

Eating is one of life’s great pleasures. Having a stoma should not change your enjoyment of food. Most people with a stoma return to their normal diet soon after an...

Read more